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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-71-039
Details
Synopsis: TRANS INTERNATIONAL AIRLINES DOUGLAS DC-8-63F, N4863T, FERRY FLIGHT 863 CRASHED DURING TAKEOFF AT JOHN F. KENNEDY INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT,NEW YORK, AT 1606 E.S.T., SEPTEMBER 8, 1970. APPROXIMATELY 1,500 FEET AFTER STARTING TAKEOFF, THE AIRCRAFT ROTATED TO A NOSE-HIGH ATTITUDE. AFTER 2,800 FEET OF TAKEOFF ROLL, THE AIRCRAFT BECAME AIRBORNE AND CONTINUED TO ROTATE SLOWLY TO AN ATTITUDE OF APPROXIMATELY 60 DEGREES TO 90 DEGREES ABOVE THE HORIZONTAL AT AN ALTITUDE ESTIMATED TO HAVE BEEN BETWEEN 300 AND 500 FEET ABOVE THE GROUND. THE AIRCRAFT ROLLED ABOUT 20 DEGREES TO THE RIGHT, ROLLED BACK TO THE LEFT TO AN APPROXIMATE VERTICAL ANGLE OF BANK, AND FELL TO THE GROUND IN THAT ATTITUDE. THE AIRCRAFT WAS DESTROYED BY IMPACT AND POSTIMPACT FIRE. ELEVEN CREWMEMBERS, THE ONLY OCCUPANTS OF THE AIRCRAFT, DIED IN THE ACCIDENT.
Recommendation: THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION REVIEW THE SUBJECT OF REJECTED TAKEOFF PROCEDURES IN AIR CARRIER OPERATIONS WITH A VIEW TO: AMPLIFYING AND CLARIFYING THESE PROCEDURES; STANDARDIZING OPERATION AND FLIGHT MANUAL PROCEDURES FOR EACH AIRCRAFT; REVIEWING THE ROLE EACH PILOT PLAYS IN ACCOMPLISHING A REJECTED TAKEOFF; EXPLORING THE REQUIREMENTS FOR REJECTED TAKEOFF TRAINING; PROVIDING FLIGHTCREWS WITH MORE SPECIFIC INFORMATION REGARDING THE DYNAMICS OF REJECTED TAKEOFF CONDITIONS FOR THE SPECIFIC AIRCRAFT; AND, REQUIRING A PRETAKEOFF BRIEFING OF REJECTED TAKEOFF AND OTHER EMERGENCY PROCEDURES THAT THE CREW MAY HAVE TO EMPLOY.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Unacceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Jamaica, NY, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: 79693
Accident Reports: Trans International Airlines Corp., Ferry Flight 863, Douglas DC-8-63F, N4883T
Report #: AAR-71-12
Accident Date: 9/8/1970
Issue Date: 8/18/1971
Date Closed: 8/14/1973
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Unacceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Training and Education, Rejected Takeoff

Safety Recommendation History
From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/1/1972
Response: THE INSTRUCTIONS CONTAINED IN HANDBOOK 84306A ARE USED BY PRINCIPAL OPERATIONS INSPECTORS WHEN INSPECTING AIR CARRIER TRAINING PROGRAMS FOR APPROVAL, GIVING AIRMAN CERTIFICATION FLIGHT CHECKS AND PERFORMING SURVEILLANCE OF TRAINING PROGRAMS. ENGINE FAILURE IS NOT MENTIONED AND THESE INSTRUCTIONS PLACE NO LIMITS ON THE VARIOUS THINGS THAT COULD CAUSE A REJECTED TAKEOFF. THE FAA ENCOURAGES TRAINING ON THE REJECTED TAKEOFF IN THE SIMULATOR. THIS PERMITS REALISM AND DOES NOT RESTRICT TRAINING TO ONE FAILURE, MALFUNCTION, ETC. ADDITIONALLY, PARAGRAPH 951.D(4) (K) SPECIFICALLY PLACES SPECIAL EMPHASIS ON THE TRANSFER OF CONTROL WHEN THE CO-PILOT IS MAKING THE TAKEOFF. AIR CARRIER TRAINING PROGRAMS DO REQUIRE A TAKEOFF BRIEFING TO BE CONDUCTED BEFORE TAKEOFF. THIS BRIEFING INCLUDES REJECTED TAKEOFF PROCEDURES. THE FAA IS AWARE THAT CHAPTER 7, APPROVAL OF AIR CARRIER TRAINING PROGRAMS, HANDBOOK 8430.6A DOES NOT SPECIFICALLY COVER THE POINT THAT A TAKEOFF BRIEFING WILL BE CONDUCTED BEFORE TAKEOFF. THIS HAS BEEN INCLUDED IN A REWRITE OF CHAPTER 7 WHICH WILL BE DISTRIBUTED IN THE NEAR FUTURE. OTHERWISE, THEY CONSIDER THE APPROVED TRAINING PROGRAMS AS ADEQUATELY COVERING THE REJECTED TAKEOFF AND RELATED PROCEDURES.