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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-70-050
Details
Synopsis: OUR INVESTIGATION OF THE LEHIGH ACRES DEVELOPMENT, INC., ACCIDENT INVOLVING THEIR MARTIN 404, N40412, AT ATLANTA, GEORGIA, ON MAY 30, 1970, REVEALED SEVERAL ITEMS THAT COMPROMISE SAFETY. THE CRUX OF THE ACCIDENT WAS THAT A SERVICING UNIT OPERATOR REFUELED N40412 WITH 200 GALLONS OF JET GRADE A FUEL FROM A TANKER MARKED "JET GRADE A"; THE FIRST OFFICER WATCHED THE OPERATION FROM BENEATH THE WING; LATER THE CAPTAIN SIGNED A FUEL CHIT FOR JET GRADE A FUEL.
Recommendation: 1. AMEND PARTS 23, 25, 27, AND 29 TO REQUIRE THE APPROPRIATELY COLORED CIRCLE AROUND EACH FILLER OPENING IN ADDITION TO THE PRESENTLY REQUIRED MINIMUM FUEL GRADE MARKINGS ON EACH AIRCRAFT. THE COLORED CIRCLE SHOULD CORRESPOND TO THE FUEL COLOR AND SHOULD BE PLACED ON A SLIGHTLY LARGER WHITE CIRCLE TO ASSURE EASE OF DIFFERENTIATION BETWEEN THE COLOR OF THE AIRCRAFT AND THE COLOR OF THE FUEL CIRCLE. 2. REQUIRE PAINTING OF EXISTING AIRCRAFT WITHIN A YEAR AFTER THE DATE OF PUBLICATION OF THE AMENDMENTS TO PART 23, 25,27, AND 29. 3. ADD ANOTHER PARAGRAPH TO THE "MARKINGS" SECTION OF ADVISORY CIRCULAR 20-43A SUGGESTING THAT REFUELING NOZZLES BE MARKED WITH THE PRESCRIBED COLOR-CODE.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: Atlanta, GA, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: MIA70AM093
Accident Reports: Lehigh Acres Development, Inc., Martin 404, N40412
Report #: AAR-70-25
Accident Date: 5/30/1970
Issue Date: 10/6/1970
Date Closed: 10/8/1971
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s):

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 8/20/1975
Response: Notation 500A: Reference is made of Notice of Proposed Rulemaking 75-22, “Aircraft Fueling.” The National Transportation Safety Board notes that the preamble of the subject rulemaking summarizes the color coding recommendations made by this Safety Board following a Martin 404 accident at Atlanta, Georgia on May 30, 1970. Although the FAA Advisory Circular (AC) 20-43b, dated June 8, 1971, was partial response to these 1970 recommendations at least nine accidents , two of which were fatal, involving improper fueling have occurred since the AC was issued. Consequently, the Safety board continues to believe that regulation repairing color coding of fuel, fuel tank filler opening, and fuel dispensing nozzles are needed. We, therefore, support the action proposed in NPRM 75-22.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 12/1/1970
Response: 12/1/70 THE FAA STATES THEY ARE CURRENTLY STUDYING THE AIRCRAFT FUELING PROBLEM AND CONSIDERING SUGGESTIONS RECEIVED TO IMPROVE SAFETY IN THIS AREA. THEY HAVE BEEN IN CONTACT WITH THE AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE (API) WHICH PROVIDES AN INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM FOR MARKING AVIATION FUEL TYPES AND GRADES ON FUEL HANDLING INSTALLATIONS AND EQUIPMENT AT AIRPORTS. ARRANGEMENTS HAVE BEEN MADETO MEET WITH THE CHAIRMAN OF THE AVIATION TECHNICAL SERVICE COMMITTEE OF API THE FIRST WEEK IN DECEMBER. 10/8/71 - FROM RECOMMENDATION RESPONSE EVALUATION. FAA PARTICIPATED IN MEETINGS WITH THE PETROLEUM INDUSTRY AND AMERICAN PETROLEUM INSTITUTE BULLETIN 1542 WAS PUBLISHED. FAA HAS NOT MADE ANY REGULATORY CHANGES AS RECOMMENDED. HOWEVER, THEY HAVE DEALT WITH THE SUBJECT IN DEPTH AND IN AD 20-43B DATED JUNE 8, 1971, INCORPORATED THE BOARD'S RECOMMENDATIONS. PARAGRAPH 3 OF AC 20-43B IS ALSO EVIDENCE OF THE EFFECTIVE IMPACT OF THE BOARD'S RECOMMENDATION. THE FAA HAS, TO A LARGE EXTENT, FULFILLED THE BOARD'S RECOMMENDATION.