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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-16-037
Synopsis: On November 10, 2015, about 1453 eastern standard time, Execuflight flight 1526, a British Aerospace HS 125-700A (Hawker 700A), N237WR, departed controlled flight while on a nonprecision localizer approach to runway 25 at Akron Fulton International Airport (AKR) and impacted a four-unit apartment building in Akron, Ohio. The captain, first officer, and seven passengers died; no one on the ground was injured. The airplane was destroyed by impact forces and postcrash fire. The airplane was registered to Rais Group International NC LLC and operated by Execuflight under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 135 as an on-demand charter flight. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed, and an instrument flight rules flight plan was filed. The flight departed from Dayton-Wright Brothers Airport, Dayton, Ohio, about 1413 and was destined for AKR.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: In conjunction with Textron Aviation and Hawker 700- and 800-series training centers, develop and incorporate into Hawker 700- and 800-series pilot training programs a nonprecision approach procedure that aligns with the stabilized approach criteria outlined in Advisory Circular 120-71A and eliminates configuration changes at low altitudes.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Open - Acceptable Response
Mode: Aviation
Location: Akron, OH, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Accident #: CEN16MA036
Accident Reports: Crash During Nonprecision Instrument Approach to Landing Execuflight Flight 1526 British Aerospace HS 125-700A, N237WR
Report #: AAR-16-03
Accident Date: 11/10/2015
Issue Date: 11/7/2016
Date Closed:
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Open - Acceptable Response)

Safety Recommendation History
From: FAA
Date: 7/29/2019
Response: -From Daniel K. Elwell, Acting Administrator: The Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) Aircraft Evaluation Group (AEG) studied training with a focus on non-precision approach procedures and the prevalence of flight crew use of the Continuous Descent Final Approach (CDFA) technique as a means for conducting non-precision approaches. The FAA understands the significance of a stabilized approach as the safest profile and one of the most critical elements to ensure a safe approach for a landing operation. Vertical guidance on approaches, such as vertical navigation, when available, are the primary means of flying stabilized non-precision approaches. The AEG developed a revision to the Flight Standardization Board (FSB) report for Hawker-Beechcraft Corporation HS-125 and British Aerospace BAE-125 aircraft. The revision addresses the following special emphasis training/checking items: • Non-precision approach procedures using stabilized approach criteria; • Avoidance of configuration changes at low altitudes; and • CDF A as one technique of stabilized approaches when other vertical profiles are not available. The final FSB report, published on August 24, 2018, is available at the following website: Reports (select Hawker Beechcraft, then: Hawker Beechcraft HS-125 -Date 8/24/18) A revision to Advisory Circular (AC) 120-71, Standard Operating Procedures and Pilot Monitoring Duties for Flight Deck Crewmembers, was published on January 10, 2017. Significant changes were made to AC 120-71B to include removing stabilized approach criteria. This topic is also captured in AC 91-79A, Mitigating the Risks of a Runway Overrun Upon Landing, which provides guidance for pilots and airplane operators to identify, understand, and mitigate risks associated with runway overruns during the landing phase of flight. It also provides operators guidance they may use to develop their standard operating procedures to mitigate those risks. AC 120-71B is available at the following website: 91-79A is available at the following website:

From: NTSB
Date: 4/6/2017
Response: We note that, to address these recommendations, an FAA aircraft evaluation group (AEG) has been assigned to study training, including nonprecision approach procedures and the meaning of “landing assured,” for this aircraft series. Pending completion of action to satisfy Safety Recommendations A-16-37 and -38, they are classified OPEN--ACCEPTABLE RESPONSE.

From: FAA
Date: 1/9/2017
Response: -From Michael P. Huerta, Administrator: Advisory Circular (AC) 120-71 A, Standard Operating Procedures for Flight Deck Crewmembers, is designed to provide advice and recommendations about the development implementation and updating of standard operating procedures (SOPs). The Board has previously identified deficiencies in SOPs as contributing causal factors in aviation accidents. Among the most commonly cited deficiencies involving flightcrews has been non-compliance with established procedures and the non-existence of established procedures in some manuals used by flightcrews. The FAA recognizes the importance of working with Textron Aviation and Hawker 700- and 800-series training centers. To address this safety recommendation, an FAA Aircraft Evaluation Group (AEG) has been assigned to study training for this aircraft series.