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Safety Recommendation Details

Safety Recommendation A-01-062
Details
Synopsis: On June 1, 1999, at 2350:44 central daylight time, American Airlines flight 1420, a McDonnell Douglas DC-9-82 (MD-82), N215AA, crashed after it overran the end of runway 4R during landing at Little Rock National Airport in Little Rock, Arkansas. Flight 1420 departed from Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport, Texas, about 2240 with 2 flight crewmembers, 4 flight attendants, and 139 passengers aboard and touched down in Little Rock at 2350:20. After departing the end of the runway, the airplane struck several tubes extending outward from the left edge of the instrument landing system localizer array, located 411 feet beyond the end of the runway; passed through a chain link security fence and over a rock embankment to a flood plain, located approximately 15 feet below the runway elevation; and collided with the structure supporting the runway 22L approach lighting system. The captain and 10 passengers were killed; the first officer, the flight attendants, and 105 passengers received serious or minor injuries; and 24 passengers were not injured. The airplane was destroyed by impact forces and a postcrash fire. Flight 1420 was operating under the provisions of 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 121 on an instrument flight rules (IFR) flight plan.
Recommendation: TO THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: Issue a mandatory briefing item to tower controllers that describes the circumstances of this accident, including the interactions between the controller and Aircraft Rescue and Fire Fighting (ARFF) crews. This briefing item should emphasize that location information provided to ARFF crews should be as complete and specific as possible to minimize opportunities for confusion.
Original recommendation transmittal letter: PDF
Overall Status: Closed - Acceptable Action
Mode: Aviation
Location: LITTLE ROCK, AR, United States
Is Reiterated: No
Is Hazmat: No
Is NPRM: No
Accident #: DCA99MA060
Accident Reports: Runway Overrun During Landing, American Airlines Flight 1420, McDonnell Douglas MD-82
Report #: AAR-01-02
Accident Date: 6/1/1999
Issue Date: 12/10/2001
Date Closed: 11/22/2002
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status: FAA (Closed - Acceptable Action)
Keyword(s): Air Traffic Control, Airport Rescue and Firefighting

Safety Recommendation History
From: NTSB
To: FAA
Date: 11/22/2002
Response: The FAA reports that it agrees with the intent of this safety recommendation and has issued a mandatory briefing to tower controllers that describes the circumstances of this accident, including the interactions between the controller and ARFF crews. The mandatory briefing item is included in Air Traffic Bulletin, Issue 2002-1, "Lessons Learned," and emphasizes that location information provided to ARFF crews should be as complete and as specific as possible to minimize opportunities for confusion. The Safety Board thanks the FAA for its prompt action, which fully meets the intent of the recommendation. Consequently, Safety Recommendation A-01-62 is classified "Closed--Acceptable Action."

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 7/11/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 07/23/2002 10:16:59 AM MC# 2020706 The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) agrees with the intent of this safety recommendation and has issued a mandatory briefing to tower controllers that describes the circumstances of this accident, including the interactions between the controller and Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting (ARFF) crews. The mandatory briefing item is included in Air Traffic Bulletin, Issue 2002-1, Lessons Learned, and emphasizes that location information provided to ARFF crews should be as complete and specific as possible to minimize opportunities for confusion. I have enclosed a copy of the bulletin for the Board's information.

From: FAA
To: NTSB
Date: 2/19/2002
Response: Letter Mail Controlled 02/21/2002 7:49:04 PM MC# 2020178 The FAA agrees with the intent of this safety recommendation and will issue a mandatory briefing item to tower controllers that describes the circumstances of this accident, including the interactions between the controller and Aircraft Rescue and Firefighting (ARFF) crews. This briefing item will also emphasize that location information provided to ARFF crews should be as complete and specific as possible to minimize opportunities for confusion.