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Safety Recommendation Details
ON NOVEMBER 10, 1985, ABOUT 1722 EASTERN STANDARD TIME, A NABISCO BRANDS, INC., DASSAULT FALCON, DA50 JET AND AN AIR PEGASUS FLYING CLUB PIPER ARCHER, PA28-181, COLLIDED ABOUT 1,500 FEET OVER THE TOWNS OF FAIRVIEW AND CLIFFSIDE PARK, NEW JERSEY. THE DA50 WAS CLEARED FOR A STANDARD INSTRUMENT APPROACH PROCEDURE IN VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS AND WAS IN A LEFT TURN TO POSITION ITSELF ON THE DOWNWIND LEG TO RUNWAY 19 AT THE TETERBORO AIRPORT, AND THE PA28 WAS TRANSITING THE AIRPORT TRAFFIC AREA FROM WEST TO EAST WHEN THEY COLLIDED. THE ACCIDENT OCCURRED 4 1/2 MILES EAST-SOUTHEAST AT THE EDGE OF THE AIRPORT TRAFFIC AREA IN VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS. BOTH AIRPLANES HAD BEEN IN RADIO CONTACT WITH THE TETERBORO CONTROL TOWER. THE FLIGHTCREW, THE ONLY OCCUPANTS ABOARD THE DA50, AND THE PILOT AND TWO PASSENGERS ONBOARD THE PA28 WERE KILLED. THE DA50 CRASHED INTO AN APARTMENT BUILDING KILLING ONE RESIDENT AND SERIOUSLY INJURING TWO BYSTANDERS.
THE NTSB RECOMMENDS THAT THE FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION: IMPLEMENT THE NECESSARY PROCEDURES TO EXPAND AND INITIATE APPROPRIATE TRAINING THAT WOULD QUALIFY THE TETERBORO AIRPORT FOR AN UPGRADE TO A LIMITED RADAR APPROACH CONTROL.
Original recommendation transmittal letter:
Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action
Fairview, NJ, United States
Addressee(s) and Addressee Status:
FAA (Closed - Acceptable Alternate Action)
Air Traffic Control, Training and Education
Safety Recommendation History
Concerning A-87-50 and -51, which discuss specific needs at the Teterboro airport, we note that the FAA has studied the feasibility of implementing an airport radar service area or a limited radar approach control at the Teterboro airport, and has concluded that the above proposals would be impacted both laterally and vertically by the New York TCA, the LaGuardia TCA, and the Newark TCA. We agree that the adoption of these proposals would create a complex airspace structure that could adversely affect the major New York airports. We appreciate the FAA's alternative plan to expand the use of the BRITE radar with computer enhancements and alphanumeric capability, and the future implementation of Stage II radar services. We note that procedures and training will be implemented with the installation of the equipment. Safety Recommendation A-87-50 is classified as "Closed--Acceptable Alternate Action" and A-87-51 is classified as "Closed--Acceptable Action."
THE FAA HAS COMPLETED ITS STUDY TO EVALUATE THE FEASIBILITY OF ESTABLISHING A LIMITED RADAR APPROACH CONTROL AT TETERBORO AIRPORT, AS WELL AS THE FEASIBILITY OF IMPLEMENTING AN AIRPORT RADAR SERVICE AREA (ARSA). BASED ON THE RESULTS OF THE STUDY, THE FAA HAS DETERMINED THAT THE IMPLEMENTATION OF AN ARSA AT THE TETERBORO AIRPORT IS NOT THE SOLUTION TO THE PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED AT TETERBORO. AS AN ALTERNATIVE, THE FAA HAS ESTABLISHED A PROGRAM TO INCLUDE THE INSTALLATION OF EQUIPMENT AND COMPUTER ENHANCEMENTS TO PROVIDE FULL ALPHANUMERIC CAPABILITIES, AUTHORIZATION FOR EXPANDED USE OF VISUAL SEPARATION IN CONJUNCTION WITH THE EXISTING TOWER BRITE RADAR, AND THE FUTURE IMPLEMENTATION OF STAGE II RADAR SERVICES. THE PROCEDURES AND TRAINING WILL BE IMPLEMENTED WITH THE INSTALLATION OF THE EQUIPMENT. I BELIEVE THAT THIS ALTERNATIVE APPROACH WILL RESOLVE THE PROBLEMS IDENTIFIED AT THE TETERBORO AIRPORT.
We note that the FAA is considering the expanded use of BRITE radar, along with other options such as the Mode C Transponder, to help identify and separate aircraft. Pending the outcome of these actions and the Safety Board's receipt and review of the December 1986, FAA New York Radar Approach Control Staff Study concerning air traffic control services at the Teterboro Airport, this recommendation will be kept in an "Open--Acceptable Alternate Action" status.
THE FAA'S NEW YORK TRACON HAS STUDIED THE APPLICATION OF AN ARSA AND A LIMITED RADAR APPROACH CONTROL AT TETERBORO AND FOUND IT TO BE IMPRACTICAL. IN AN ATTEMPT TO OVERCOME THE DIFFICULTIES ENCOUNTERED AT TETERBORO, WE ARE EVALUATING THE EXPANDED USE OF BRITE RADAR ALONG WITH SEVERAL OTHER OPTIONS PRESENTED BY THE NEW YORK TRACON IN ITS STAFF STUDY. ON 6/16/87, AN NPRM WAS PUBLISHED IN THE FEDERAL REGISTER REQUIRING A TRANSPONDER WITH AUTOMATIC PRESSURE ALTITUDE REPORTING EQUIPMENT (MODE C) FOR OPERATION IN ALL AIRSPACE FROM THE SURFACE TO AND INCLUDING 12,500 FEET MEAN SEA LEVEL WITHIN 30 MILES OF A PRIMARY TCA AIRPORT. THIS ADDITIONAL SAFETY REQUIREMENT WOULD INCLUDE ALL AIRCRAFT OPERATING WITHIN THE TETERBORO AIRPORT TRAFFIC AREA.
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