CEN12LA605
CEN12LA605

On September 1, 2012, about 1100 mountain daylight time, N5489X, a Burkhart Grob G103 Twin II glider, sustained substantial damage when it landed hard during an attempted takeoff using a ground winch at the Horizon Airport (T27) near El Paso, Texas. The commercial pilot was fatally injured. The glider was registered to and operated by the El Paso Soaring Society Incorporated, El Paso, Texas. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and no flight plan was filed for the local flight conducted under 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91.

The El Paso Soaring Society was using the ground winch to launch gliders because their tow airplane was down for maintenance. The winch was set up on the overrun area on the east side of Runway 08.

According to a witness, a week before the accident, he attended a class on how to launch a glider using the ground winch. The class was given by the pilot and the person who operated the winch on the day of the accident. The witness said the class was taught from both a pilot and winch-operating perspective.

The following weekend, the witness returned to the airport to assist with the glider launches. He said that on the first launch attempt, he ran alongside the glider's wing until it got airborne. When the glider was approximately 15 feet above the ground, it overran the winch cable and the center of gravity (CG) hook automatically disconnected. The glider landed straight ahead without incident.

While ground-towing the glider back to the takeoff area, the witness heard the pilot telling the winch operator to do the same exact thing with the winch as he did on the first attempt. The pilot felt the first launch had failed because he didn't initiate a climb soon enough.

During the second attempt, the witness said the glider once again overflew the winch cable. He said, "According to the class [the pilot] gave the previous week, he performed the correct procedure - he lowered the nose to let the slack out of the cable. As this happened, he also came on the radio and directed the winch to go "faster". Then, once it started pulling him again, he raised the nose up as he was supposed to do in order to initiate a climb. After he did this, the cable once again seemed to develop some slack and the glider out ran it." The witness said the cable disconnected and the glider was in free-flight approximately 75 feet above the ground and appeared to be traveling just above stall speed. He then saw the glider nose over as if the pilot was preparing to land. But the glider began to sink rapidly as it drifted to the left toward the taxiway. The witness then saw the wings of the glider rock back and forth before it hit the ground "very hard."

According to an inspector with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), the glider came to rest just north of the taxiway. The area was damaged and the tail had separated from the airframe. Examination of the CG hook revealed no mechanical deficiencies and functioned normally when tested. The inspector also said the ground winch utilized a 350-cubic-inch Chevrolet engine with a two-speed automatic transmission. Club members reported the winch had only been used about 9 times in the last 4 years. The pilot's son, who was standing behind the winch on both launch attempts, said the winch engine sounded as if it was producing a high RPM, but was running rough.

The pilot held a commercial pilot certificate for airplane single-engine land and glider. He also had a certified flight instructor certificate for gliders. The pilot's last FAA Third Class medical was issued on December 28, 2011. At that time, he reported a total of 1,500 flight hours.

Weather at El Paso International Airport (ELP), El Paso, Texas, approximately 9 miles northwest of T27, at 1051, was reported as wind from 150 degrees at 4 knots, visibility 10 miles, clear skies, temperature 30 degrees Celsius, dewpoint 6 degrees Celsius, and a barometric pressure setting of 30.16 inches Hg.

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