WPR12LA283
WPR12LA283

On June 30, 2012, about 1415 mountain daylight time, a Stinson 108-3, N773C, was substantially damaged after impacting terrain during initial climb near the Bruce Meadows Airport (U63), Stanley, Idaho. The certified commercial pilot sustained serious injuries, and the three passengers sustained minor injuries. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed for the local flight, which was being operated in accordance with 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 91, and a flight plan was not filed. The flight was destined for the McCall Municipal Airport (MYL), McCall, Idaho. The pilot reported a departure time of 1400.

In a report submitted to the National Transportation Safety Board investigator-in-charge (IIC), as well as during a personal telephone conversation with the IIC about 5 weeks after the accident, the pilot reported that prior to departure he checked the airplane’s performance charts and determined that the density altitude to be about 9,200 feet; this was determined to be 3,200 feet above the maximum altitude listed in the takeoff performance charts for this make and model airplane equipped with a metal propeller, or 6,000 feet. The pilot further reported that while on takeoff roll from the near mile long turf-dirt [air]strip, he was not getting as much lift as expected. The pilot added that when he was about three-quarters of the way down the [5,000-foot] runway, elevation 6,370 feet mean sea level (msl) [and still not airborne], he was going to abort the takeoff but a gust of wind put the airplane in the air. The pilot stated that he thought he would be ok, but when he could not get the airplane to climb as expected he attempted to locate an open field to land in, but got caught in a downdraft and subsequently impacted a stand of trees. The airplane came to rest inverted about 1.64 nautical miles (nm) from the departure end of runway 23, at an elevation of 6,432 feet msl. The pilot reported to the IIC that at the time of takeoff the airplane weighed 2,314 pounds; the airplane’s maximum gross takeoff weight is 2,400 pounds. The pilot reported no anomalies with the airplane or the engine prior to or during the flight that would have precluded normal operation.

A Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) aviation safety inspector reported that the airplane had sustained substantial damage to the main fuselage, the empennage, and both wings. The inspector further reported that an inspection of the mixture control was performed but the control cable was bent preventing the movement at the carburetor. The cable was disconnected at the carburetor mixture control arm and the arm moved freely from stop to stop. The inspector also provided the IIC with documentation relative to the airplane’s Franklin, model 6A4-165-B3 engine, which was equipped with a Marvel Schebler, model MA-4-5 carburetor. With respect to USE OF MIXTURE CONTROL IN FLIGHT, the information revealed, “When adjusting the mixture control for altitudes higher than 3,000 feet, move the [mixture] control in and out slowly, with the throttle at cruising position until the highest RPM is attained. The carburetor mixture will then be correctly adjusted for that throttle position and load at that particular altitude.” When questioned by the IIC what the leaning procedures were for the engine, the pilot stated that the Franklin engine could not be leaned for takeoff. The inspector’s onsite and postaccident examinations of the airplane and engine revealed no mechanical anomalies that would have prevented normal operation.

Local law enforcement personnel provided the IIC with statements submitted by both backseat passengers. The left rear seat passenger reported that after takeoff and when they were above the trees, it felt like they encountered a pocket of air that pushed them down into the trees. The right rear seat passenger stated that about 5 minutes into the flight they didn’t have enough lift or air [to fly], which is when the pilot called to brace for impact. The passenger reported that the airplane then flew into the trees, was twisting, and then hit the ground and nosed over. Law enforcement personnel reported to the IIC that the left rear seat passenger stated that the right front seat passenger did not remember the crash at all, nor did he remember a lot of the day.

At 1351, the weather reporting facility at the McCall Municipal Airport (MYL), McCall, Idaho, the closest weather reporting facility in proximity to the accident site, which is located about 44 nautical nm northwest, reported wind 160 degrees at 8 knots, variable from 120 degrees to 190 degrees, visibility 10 miles, sky clear, temperature 27 degrees Celsius (C), dew point 3 degrees C, and an altimeter setting of 30.00 inches of mercury.

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