NYC08LA107
NYC08LA107

On February 21, 2008, at 1148 eastern standard time, an amateur-built Vans RV-9A, N159AS, was substantially damaged when it impacted trees and terrain shortly after takeoff from Princeton Airport (39N), Princeton, New Jersey. The certificated commercial pilot was seriously injured and the passenger was not injured. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed, and no flight plan was filed for the local personal flight, which was conducted under 14 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 91.

In a written statement, the pilot stated that shortly after takeoff, as he turned onto the crosswind leg of the traffic pattern, the engine lost power, and the propeller "stopped." The pilot had already activated both fuel pumps and the dual ignition switches for takeoff, so there were no additional emergency switches to actuate. Additionally, the electrical system "seemed solid," since the electronic flight instrument system and communication radios were still functioning. There was no suitable landing area within gliding range, and the airplane was substantially damaged during the forced landing in a dense forest.

The pilot also stated that the airplane had accumulated about 1 flight hour since he had performed some work on the airplane's engine and propeller reduction gearbox.

According to a Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) inspector at the scene, he noted the presence of fuel which had leaked from the airplane's fuel tanks. During the recovery process, some of the leaked fuel ignited, partially burning the wreckage. The fire was subsequently extinguished, and the wreckage was transported to the airport.

Two representatives of the engine manufacturer, under the supervision of an FAA inspector, examined the engine on March 4, 2008. According to the representatives, continuity of the engine was confirmed from the rear pulley to the propeller, and compression was confirmed on all six cylinders. The wiring and other components of the electronic ignition system were heavily fire-damaged.

The FAA inspector and engine manufacturer representatives additionally stated that the pilot/owner recently installed a new aftermarket fuel injection/ignition system. Per the aftermarket schematic, the pilot retained an original-equipment diode bridge to provide dual electrical paths to the engine control unit (ECU), and wired it in accordance with the schematic. However, the original ignition system drew between 4 and 6 amperes for operation, while the aftermarket system drew between 8 and 12 amperes. The only manifestation of a failure of the diode bridge would be on engine operation; the remainder of the electrical system would continue to function normally.

The 1153 weather conditions reported at Trenton Mercer Airport (TTN), Trenton, New Jersey, located about 10 nautical miles southwest of the accident site, included winds from 310 degrees at 6 knots, clear skies, temperature of -2 degrees Celsius (C), dewpoint -15 degrees C, and an altimeter setting of 30.41 inches of mercury.

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