On December 2, 2007, at approximately 1922 Eastern Standard time (EST), Comair, Inc., flight 5412 (COM5412), N781CA, a Bombardier Canadair Regional Jet, departed runway 15R and over flew America West Airlines flight 83 (AWE 83), N659AW, an Airbus Industrie A-320, that had landed on runway 10, at Baltimore/Washington International Thurgood Marshall Airport (BWI), Baltimore, Maryland. Both aircraft were operating as a 14 Code of Federal Regulations Part 121 flight and both crews had filed instrument flight rules flight plans. There were no injuries to the occupants of either aircraft and neither aircraft was damaged. The incident occurred during night visual flight rules conditions.

About 1919:07, when AWE 83 was approximately six mile final for landing on runway 10, the BWI local controller cleared AWE 83 to land. The pilot of AWE 83 acknowledged the landing clearance.

About 1920:33, as evidenced by BWI radar data and Airport Movement Area Safety System (AMASS) data, AWE 83 was two and one half mile final to runway 10 when the local controller cleared COM5412 for takeoff on runway 15R. At the time of the takeoff clearance, COM5412 was situated on taxiway A about 500 feet south of the departure end of runway 15R. The pilot of COM5412 acknowledged the takeoff clearance.

About 1921:29, the ASDE (airport surface detection equipment) tower display showed the runway 10 red hold bars illuminated for AWE 83 on final approach to runway 10.

About 1921:38, the ASDE tower display showed the runway 15R red hold bars illuminated for COM5412 departing on runway 15R.

About 1921:47, the ASDE tower display alerted with both visual and aural alarms. According to the local controller, trom the back of the tower cab, an aural alert announced, "WARNING: AWE83, runways 10, 15R, converging." The AMASS also displayed numerous visual alarms such as a textual warning box, red hold bars for both runways indicating restricted runway/taxi crossing points, and purple circles around each aircraft as they approached the intersection of runways 10 and 15R. According to the local controller, he had turned his back from the runway operations to ask another controller to adjust the volume on the Domestic Events Network (DEN) line when he heard the AMASS alert. As the local controller turned back towards the local control position, he looked at the ASDE display and saw the circles around the two targets. After recognizing the situation, the local controller said, "Comair, Comair, cancel, cancel or" According to the COM5412 pilot's statement, they were at V1/Vr speed passing taxiway F on runway 15R, when the local controller attempted to instruct the crew to cancel takeoff clearance; however, it was too late to abort the takeoff. COM5412 crossed in front of AWE83, as AWE 83 proceeded through the intersection of runways 10 and 15R. According to the FAA Runway Safety office, COM5412 missed AWE 83 by 400 feet laterally and 400 feet vertically. The FAA Runway Safety Office classified the incident as category "B" event.

About 1922:17, the local controller instructed AWE83 to turn left on runway 4/22, and advised the crew to contact ground control. The pilot of AWE 83 acknowledged.


The BWI ATCT local controller was appropriately certified and qualified to perform his assigned duties. He received his control tower operator's certificate in 1981 and had been working at as an air traffic controller for 26 years. Certification and experience for the captains and first officers of both aircraft was not requested.


The BWI special weather observation for 1917EST was: Wind calm, visibility 5 statute miles, light rain and mist, sky conditions ceiling broken at 1,000 feet, overcast 3,000 feet, temperature 39, dew point 39 and altimeter 30.02 inches.


There was no damage reported for either aircraft.


Airport Information

BWI serves airline, air taxi, military, and general aviation aircraft. The annual air activity averages 307,000 flight operations per year. BWI had four runways, 10/28, 15L/33R, 15R/33L and 4/22. Runway 10/28 was 10,502 feet long and 200 feet wide with high intensity runway lights (HIRLS). The runway surface consisted of an asphalt/grooved surface in fair condition. Runway 15R/33L was 9,501 feet long and 150 feet wide with HIRLS. Runway 15R/33L surface consisted of an asphalt/grooved surface in fair condition. The airport field elevation was 146 feet msl. The tower was equipped with an AMASS.

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