On March 02, 2005, about 1833 eastern standard time, a Cessna 402C, N88TN, registered to and operated by a private individual, as a Title 14 CFR Part 91 ferry flight, lost a section of the right elevator during descent and made an emergency landing at the Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport, Fort Lauderdale, Florida. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed and an instrument flight rules flight plan was filed. The airline transport-rated pilot received no injuries, and the airplane incurred substantial damage. The flight originated from Suffolk Executive Airport, Suffolk, Virginia, earlier that day, about 1430. Use your browsers 'back' function to return to synopsisReturn to Query Page
The pilot stated the flight was a ferry flight from Waterville Robert LaFleur Airport, Waterville, Maine to Fort Lauderdale/ Hollywood International Airport (FLL), Florida, with one stop at Suffork for fuel. He started a descent to the FLL about 70 nautical miles north of the airport. The airplane was descending at a rate 500 feet per minute, normal cruise engine power setting and an indicated airspeed of 185 knots. The airplane was about 5 miles north of Fort Lauderdale Executive Airport (FXE) and at approximately 4,000 feet mean sea level, when the airplane pitched sharply nose down, with an uncontrollable back and forth oscillation of the control yoke. A loud shearing noise was heard from the right rear of the aircraft before pitch control was regained. The oscillation lasted for about 5 seconds. He looked toward the right rear of the airplane to see sheet metal flapping in the wind near the elevator section. An emergency was declared to Miami approach and he was cleared for immediate landing at FXE. He lowered the landing gear, extended the flap and reduced indicated airspeed to 109 knots and landed on runway 26.
An examination by NTSB of the airplane revealed the empennage section of the airplane was distorted. The left elevator was bent and deformed at the elevator attaching hinge points. A section of about 16 inches was missing from the right elevator's outboard area. A section of the missing area was later recovered about 5 miles north of FXE in front of a residential home. The remaining outboard of the elevator up to the inboard attaching hinge was peeled up and aft. The hardware (nut, bolt, washer, and cotter pin) attaching the trim tab actuator screw assembly to the push-rod was observed to be new. The attaching hardware connecting the elevator trim tab horn to the elevator trim actuator push-rod was missing. No abnormality was observed to the areas and surfaces of the trim tab horn and the push-rod attaching area.
The pilot was asked during an interview to demonstrate all the steps he accomplished when he did the preflight to the airplane before the accident flight. The question was asked to the pilot during the elevator trim tab check, what type of nut was securing the trim tab horn to the trim tab push rod, a self locking nut or one that has a cotter pin? He did recall a nut however could not recall observing a cotter pin.
The accident airplane had undergone schedule inspections on February 21, 2005 and had maintenance accomplished to it. One of the maintenance tasks completed to the accident airplane was the overhaul of the elevator trim tab actuator. The overhaul requires the component to be removed from the airplane and installed after the overhaul. The mechanic, whom performed the tasks, stated that after the installation of the elevator trim tab actuator, he attached the elevator trim tab actuator push-rod to the elevator trim horn using a new bolt, washer, nut and cotter pin from the shop stock in accordance with the maintenance manual.
Another mechanic stated that he was present and actually handed the cotter pin to the mechanic who installed the bolt that attaches the push-rod from the elevator trim tab actuator to the elevator trim tab horn. He recalled the installing mechanic telling him, watch the eyes, as he trimmed the end of the cotter pin after installation.
An FAA inspector examined the facility where the maintenance was accomplished and interviewed the mechanics that were involved in the tasks. The FAA inspector stated that he checked several parts bin of different sizes of cotter pins including for the proper cotter pin required for that task. He did not find any mixed sizes or any incorrect numbering for any of the cotter pins in the individual bins and each bin was labeled with the proper number to the cotter pin contained in the bin. During the interview with the mechanic who installed the cotter pin, the mechanic stated that he remembers installing the cotter pin however he could not remember the exact cotter pin he installed and added the cotter pin was given to him by another mechanic. The FAA inspector instructed the mechanic, who retrieved the cotter pin, to demonstrate where he got the cotter pin from. The mechanic went to the bin area and opened two bins. One of the bins had the proper cotter pin. The mechanic said he believed that he took the proper cotter pin.
The facility where the maintenance was performed has a policy to test fly airplanes after all maintenance is completed; to ensure the facility has not missed any items. The pilot who test flew the accident airplane stated that the preflight was accomplished including all flight controls stops, bonding straps, attachments points and control actuation, trim tab movements on the ground, freedom of actuator and direction of travel and proper connectivity. The trim tab actuator elevator, aileron and rudder had hardware in place (cotter keys in place and tabs bent to prevent its falling out). No irregularities were noted. The pilot added that he personally completed two test flights prior to the accident airplane's delivery. The airplane owner's pilot completed a preflight of the accident airplane in the facility's hanger prior to signing the delivery receipt and a least two more times, prior to and during his en route flight to Florida.