SEA00LA188
SEA00LA188

On September 24, 2000, approximately 1245 Pacific daylight time, a Hughes 269B, N9355F, registered to a private owner, and being flown by a commercial pilot, was substantially damaged during a hard landing one mile southwest of Burlington, Washington. The pilot and two passengers sustained minor injuries. Visual meteorological conditions existed and no flight plan had been filed. The flight, which was personal, was operated under 14CFR91, and originated from the Arlington airport, Arlington, Washington, approximately 1200.

The pilot was telephonically interviewed and reported that he was executing a landing at a construction area just southeast of the intersection of Interstate 5 and Route 20 (refer to CHART I). Approximately 10 feet above ground he aborted the landing due to excessive dust conditions and reduced visibility. He initiated a climbing left turn at 30 to 40 miles per hour, and approximately 150 feet above ground, having reversed his course, the engine rapidly lost power. The pilot continued straight ahead covering approximately 150 to 200 feet of terrain while auto rotating to a landing. During the touchdown, the helicopter's main rotor blades contacted the tail boom and terrain, and the skids collapsed.

The pilot submitted a copy of the height-velocity diagram showing the airspeed range (50-60mph) and altitude (140 feet) at the time of the power loss (refer to ATTACHMENT HV-I).

Post-crash examination of the helicopter's engine revealed a separated number one cylinder fuel injector line approximately one inch outboard of the injector unit. This line had been clamped to cylinder number three. Additionally, three of the eight hold down nuts from the number three cylinder were found lying beneath the engine. The bolts associated with all three nuts and were broken off. Of the five remaining hold down nuts, one was tight at removal and the remaining four were unscrewed with minimal torque.

The separated number one injector line sections as well as the number three cylinder, the associated hold down nuts (8) and three captured bolt ends, as well as the two associated cylinder hold down plates were sent to the Safety Board's Materials Laboratory for further examination.

The materials laboratory examination revealed "ratchet marks" on the surfaces of all separated bolts, which were captured within the three respective hold down nuts. Additionally, the fracture surfaces of the separated injector line were examined and fatigue striations were observed across its surfaces. The flange of the number three cylinder was observed to have a coating of yellow primer paint over approximately 70% of its outboard flange surface. The primer appeared to be rubbed away from some areas of the flange. A small chip of the primer paint was removed from the flange and the thickness of the chip was measured with a scanning electron microscope. The thickness of the paint chip varied from about 0.0014 inch to 0.0028 inch. According to Textron Lycoming Service Bulletin 271A, the primer paint thickness on the flange should not exceed 0.0005 inch (refer to ATTACHMENT OM-I). The cylinder hold down plates were examined and showed fretting and rubbing damage on the inboard surfaces of both hold-down plates (refer to attached metallurgical report).

The aircraft's Lycoming HIO-360-A1A engine log was examined. An entry dated 7-8-94 was noted for the engine at a total airframe time of 1968.9 hours. This entry read in part "...Major overhaul of basic engine..." and included the statement "This engine was painted assembled and delivered to Cascade Airframe Repair. Final installation of accessories and test run to be done by others" (refer to ATTACHMENT EL-I).

The following log page showed an undated log entry between the 7-8-94 overhaul and the next entry (May 5, 1998) which stated in part "...Removed #3 cyl., sent to Sky Services to be honed..." (refer to ATTACHMENT EL-II). The following log page entry (1Jan99) showed a total time since overhaul of 184.8 hours and stated in part "...replaced fuel injector to cylinder lines..." (refer to ATTACHMENT EL-III). The last engine logbook entry (4-7-2000) showed a total airframe time of 2,236.8 hours and a Hobbs time of 909.3 hours. The Hobbs read 974.4 hours at the time of the accident.

The number three cylinder, two cylinder hold-down nuts with pieces of fractured cylinder through bolts, one cylinder hold-down nut with a piece of a fractured cylinder stud, five additional cylinder hold-down nuts, two cylinder hold-down plates from the number 3 cylinder, number three cylinder fuel injection line, and number one cylinder fuel injection line were released to the owner on June 6, 2001, along with all retained aircraft logs and records.

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