CHI98LA097
CHI98LA097

On February 23, 1998, at 0815 central standard time (cst), a Piper PA-23-250, N54231, operated as Prompt Air Flight 179, and piloted by a commercial pilot, was substantially damaged when it collided with the ground following a pilot-described stall/mush during a single-engine go-around maneuver. The 14 CFR Part 135 flight was operating on an IFR flight plan. Instrument meteorological conditions prevailed at the time of the accident. The pilot reported no injuries. The flight departed Peoria, Illinois, at 0748 cst.

According to the pilot's written statement, the airplane was climbing past "...4,000 feet, and at that point I noticed the left engine [temperature] go past the redline on the CHT [cylinder head temperature] gage. I realized the cowl plugs were in there." He said the company cowl plugs were gray with no ropes or streamers attached to them.

The pilot said he reduced the power to idle and eventually shut the engine down, feathering the propeller. He said he attempted to restart the engine "...several times while intercepting the localizer." The engine would not, and did not restart. The pilot said he attempted to extend the landing gear while on the localizer and realized it would not extend unless the flaps were partially extended. He said he selected "...the first notch of flaps..." and realized the landing gear did not extend. While on a 1-mile final approach to the landing runway, the pilot said, he was pumping the landing gear down. The pilot reported that while at the runway threshold the tower told him to go-around because the landing gear was not down. He stated he continued pumping.

The pilot said the airplane was past the midfield position when he, "...realized the gear still [wasn't] down... ." He said he applied full power to the right engine with the intention of going around. The pilot said the right engine "...wouldn't develop enough power to permit a go-around" and "... a gear up landing was necessary to avoid a loss of directional control." The pilot said the airplane continued to descend, ultimately entering a stall/mush and uncontrolled descent into a taxiway. The airplane slid onto the clearway grass.

According to the Piper PA-23-250 pilot's operating handbook (POH), the landing gear can be extended using 3 methods: Normal, and emergency system that has 2 procedures available to the pilot: An emergency hand pump and CO2 driven system. The landing flaps are extended only by the emergency hydraulic hand pump. The POH says that the landing gear or flaps can be extended by "...placing the pertinent selector handle in the down position and operating the manual pump... ." The Federal Aviation Administration Principal Maintenance Inspector who examined the airplane said that if the flap extension handle is placed into the "extend" position first, and the landing gear extension handle is placed into the "extend" position afterwards, the flaps will extend to the chosen setting before the landing gear begins to extend.

The investigation revealed that the landing gear horn functioned when the throttle was placed into the "Idle" position. The landing gear "Green" lights, showing landing gear fully extended and locked in the "Down" position, were illuminated for the left main landing gear. The nose gear assembly was partially out of its well, but jammed between the fuselage and trailer the airplane was resting on. The right main landing gear was broken free from the airframe. The wiring related to the gear "Down" light had separated from the wheel well attach points.

The main and emergency hydraulic systems did not have any leaks in them. The emergency hand pump and system operated to the airplane manufacturer's specifications. The flaps were found in the "full" down position.

According to the pilot's employer records, the pilot was hired on July 15, 1996. He received his 14 CFR Part 135 proficiency check in the Piper PA-23-250 on September 9, 1997, after a 1.8 hour flight test. Company records showed the pilot had received 15 hours of airplane transition training ground school that was completed on September 8, 1997. Flight training in the PA-23-250 occurred on September 2, 7, and 8, 1997, for a total of 5.3 hours.

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