NTSB Identification: FTW83IA044
Scheduled 14 CFR Part 121: Air Carrier operation of AMERICAN AIRLINES
Incident occurred Monday, November 22, 1982 in LITTLE ROCK, AR
Probable Cause Approval Date: 11/22/1983
Aircraft: BOEING 727-223, registration: N846AA
Injuries: 23 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various sources and may not have traveled in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft incident report.

THE AIRCREW REPORTED THAT THEY BROKE OUT OF THE CLOUDS AT ABOUT 744 FT AGL WHILE ON AN ILS APPROACH AND THAT THE CEILING WAS RAGGED. AT ABOUT 500 FT AGL, THE CAPTAIN TURNED ON THE WINDSHIELD WIPERS. THE FIRST OFFICER WAS FLYING THE AIRCRAFT FROM THR RIGHT SEAT AND MADE A SMOOTH TOUCHDOWN. AT ABOUT THAT TIME, THE RAIN BECAME EXTREMELY HEAVY TO THE POINT THAT THE RUNWAY LIGHTS WERE DIFFUSED, BUT STILL SOMEWHAT VISIBLE. THE CAPTAIN TOLD THE FIRST OFFICER THAT THE PLANE WAS DRIFTING LEFT, BUT THE FIRST OFFICER DID NOT DETECT THE DRIFT. THE CAPTAIN TOOK CONTROL, BUT NOT IN TIME TO PREVENT THE AIRCRAFT FROM DRIFTING OFF THE RUNWAY. THREE RUNWAY LIGHTS WERE KNOCKED OUT AND THE PLANE RECEIVED MINOR DAMAGE BEFORE IT WAS STEERED BACK ONTO THE RUNWAY. MARKS ON THE RUNWAY INDICATED THAT THE TIRES HAD HYDROPLANNED.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

PROPER ALIGNMENT..NOT MAINTAINED..COPILOT/SECOND PILOT

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

SUPERVISION..INADEQUATE..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LIGHT CONDITION..DARK NIGHT


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..LOW CEILING


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..RAIN


Contributing Factors

AIRPORT FACILITIES,RUNWAY/LANDING AREA CONDITION..WET


Contributing Factors

AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE,HYDROPLANING CONDITION..WATER


Contributing Factors

VISUAL/AURAL DETECTION..COPILOT/SECOND PILOT


Contributing Factors

OBJECT..RUNWAY LIGHT

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