NTSB Identification: DEN82DA033
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Wednesday, February 17, 1982 in RAPID CITY, SD
Probable Cause Approval Date: 02/17/1983
Aircraft: CESSNA 210, registration: N5314A
Injuries: 3 Uninjured.

DURING LANDING, THE NOSEWHEEL BEGAN TO SHIMMY WHILE THE BRAKES WERE BEING APPLIED. THE NOSE GEAR FAILED AT THE END OF THE RUNWAY, AND THE PLANE CONTINUED OFF THE END AND DOWN AN EMBANKMENT, THEN NOSED OVER. THE PILOT STATED IN PART THAT HE TOUCHED DOWN PAST THE NUMBERS SOME 100 FT AND HAD NO LEFT BRAKE. WHEN THE NOSEWHEEL BEGAN TO SHIMMY HE STARTED TO GO-AROUND, BUT THEN THE SHAKING BECAME SO BAD THAT HE ABORTED THE GO-AROUND. A WITNESS STATED THAT HE SAW THE PLANE ON A STEEP FINAL APPROACH, BUT OBSERVED NO FLARE-OUT. HE REPORTED THAT THE PLANE TOUCHED DOWN NEAR MID-FIELD IN A 3 POINT ATTITUDE, BUT DID NOT BOUNCE. THE PASSENGER INDICATED THAT THE PLANE LANDED WITH NO FLAPS ABOUT 1/3 DOWN THE RUNWAY. HE STATED THE TOUCHDOWN WAS SMOOTH AND THE NOSEWHEEL DID NOT SHIMMY UNTIL THE TIRES SQUEALED FROM HEAVY BRAKING. EXAMINATION OF THE BRAKES REVEALED NO PRE-CRASH MALFUNCTIONS. THE NOSEWHEEL SHIMMY DAMPER WAS FOUND BROKEN FROM THE NOSE STRUT WITH EVIDENCE OF GROUND IMPACT.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

LEVEL OFF..IMPROPER..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

DISTANCE..MISJUDGED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

AIRSPEED..MISJUDGED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LANDING GEAR,NOSE GEAR..OVERLOAD



Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..TAILWIND


Contributing Factors

WRONG RUNWAY..SELECTED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

TERRAIN CONDITION..DOWNHILL

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