NTSB Identification: CHI82FA048
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Monday, February 15, 1982 in CORYDON, IN
Probable Cause Approval Date: 02/15/1983
Aircraft: PIPER PA-23, registration: N1108P
Injuries: 1 Fatal.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

PRIOR TO THIS FLIGHT, THE AIRCRAFT HAD NOT BEEN FLOWN FOR AN EXTENDED PERIOD. ON THE DAY OF THE ACCIDENT, IT HAD BEEN SOLD. THE AIRCRAFT DID NOT HAVE A CURRENT ANNUAL INSPECTION AND HAD SEVERAL MAINTENANCE DISCREPANCIES. THESE INCLUDED PROBLEMS THAT PREVENTED GEAR RETRACTION AND FLAP EXTENSION. THE NEW OWNER/PILOT WAS INFORMED THAT THE AIRCRAFT NEEDED A FERRY PERMIT. HE WAS ADVISED SEVERAL TIMES TO WAIT UNTIL ADDITIONAL MAINTENANCE WAS PERFORMED; HOWEVER, HE SEEMED DETERMINED TO DEPART WITH THE AIRCRAFT ON THAT DAY. AFTER PERFORMING SOME MINOR MAINTENANCE AND DRAINING CONSIDERABLE WATER FROM THE FUEL SYSTEM, THE PILOT TOOK OFF. THE AIRCRAFT WAS OBSERVED DEPARTING AT LOW ALTITUDE WITH THE GEAR EXTENDED. ABOUT 15 MINUTES LATER, IT WAS SEEN IN A SHALLOW DESCENT WITH THE GEAR EXTENDED AND IN A LEFT YAW. BEFORE CRASHING, A WITNESS OBSERVED THE RIGHT WING RAISE AND THE NOSE DROP. WATER WAS FOUND IN THE LEFT ENGINE FUEL PUMP AND FUEL LINE TO THE CARBURETOR.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

FLUID,FUEL..WATER

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

AIRCRAFT PREFLIGHT..INADEQUATE..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

AIRSPEED(VMC)..NOT MAINTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

STALL/SPIN..INADVERTENT..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

JUDGMENT..POOR..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LACK OF TOTAL EXPERIENCE IN KIND OF AIRCRAFT..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LANDING GEAR..INOPERATIVE


Contributing Factors

OPERATION WITH KNOWN DEFICIENCIES IN EQUIPMENT..INITIATED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

TERRAIN CONDITION..UPHILL

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