NTSB Identification: CHI82DA064
14 CFR Part 91: General Aviation
Accident occurred Sunday, February 21, 1982 in BLOOMINGTON, IN
Probable Cause Approval Date: 02/21/1983
Aircraft: Fairchild Hiller 227C, registration: N378NE
Injuries: 4 Uninjured.

THE AIRCRAFT WAS BEING PRE-POSITIONED FOR A SCHEDULED FLIGHT. DURING A VISUAL APPROACH TO LAND, THE CAPTAIN (PIC) CALLED FOR THE FLAPS TO BE LOWERED IN INCREMENTAL SETTINGS (16.5, 27 & 40 DEG). THE FLAP HANDLE WAS MOVED TO THE APPROPRIATE POSITIONS, BUT REPORTEDLY, NEITHER OF THE PILOTS LOOKED AT THE FLAP INDICATOR. THE PIC STATED THAT DURING THE FLARE, THE AIRCRAFT SETTLED AND CONTACTED THE RUNWAY QUITE HARD. HE IMMEDIATELY LOOKED DOWN AND SAW THE FLAP INDICATOR AT 16.5 DEG, THEN NOTICED THE FLAPS HAD EXTENDED TO 40 DEG. THE COPILOT SAW THE FLAPS AT 30 DEG AND MOVING TO FULL DOWN. DURING TOUCHDOWN, THE FUSELAGE WAS DAMAGED AROUND THE TAIL BUMPER/SKID TO THE LOWER PORTION OF THE PRESSURE BULKHEAD. ON A SUBSEQUENT FLIGHT FOR REPAIR, THE FLAPS OVER-RAN THE UP-LIMIT MICROSWITCH AND THEN WOULD NOT EXTEND. THE AIRCRAFT WAS EQUIPPED WITH A MODEL FPC-75 GROUND PROXIMITY WARNING SYSTEM IN ACCORDANCE WITH STC SA1176CE AND WAS WIRED INTO THE FLAP SELECTOR SWITCH. IT WOULD HAVE PROVIDED A WARNING IF IT HAD DETECTED FLAP PSN.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

AIRSPEED..INADEQUATE..PILOT IN COMMAND



Contributing Factors

LOWERING OF FLAPS..NOT OBTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND

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