NTSB Identification: ATL84LA073.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 22652.
Accident occurred Friday, December 23, 1983 in OAK MOUNTAIN, AL
Aircraft: PIPER PA-28-140, registration: N56494
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

WHILE EN ROUTE, THE PLT ARRIVED AT A CHECK POINT 18 MIN BEHIND SCHEDULE. APRX 25 MIN LATER, HE TUNED IN AN INCORRECT VOR FREQUENCY THAT HE HAD WRITTEN DOWN ON HIS FLT PLAN. THE STATION THAT HE TUNED IN WAS EAST OF THE DESIRED STATION & THE GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES IN THE AREA WERE SIMILAR. WHEN THE PLT REALIZED HE WAS OFF COURSE, HIS REMAINING FUEL SUPPLY WAS LOW. HE TRIED TO FLY TO THE NEAREST ARPT, BUT FUEL EXHAUSTION OCCURRED FIRST. HE THEN MADE AN EMERGENCY, NIGHT APCH TO A HIGHWAY, BUT WAS FROCED TO LAND ON THE SHOULDER DUE TO VEHICULAR TRAFFIC. AFTER TOUCHING DOWN, THE NOSEWHEEL SANK INTO MUD & THE ACFT NOSED OVER.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

NAVIGATION RECEIVER..IMPROPER USE OF..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

BECAME LOST/DISORIENTED..INADVERTENT..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

PREFLIGHT PLANNING/PREPARATION..INADEQUATE..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

OBJECT..VEHICLE


Contributing Factors

TERRAIN CONDITION..SOFT


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..HIGH WIND


Contributing Factors

TERRAIN CONDITION..WET


Contributing Factors

FLUID,FUEL..LOW LEVEL



Contributing Factors

FLUID,FUEL..EXHAUSTION

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