NTSB Identification: ATL84LA051.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 22179.
Accident occurred Saturday, November 26, 1983 in JACKSON, MS
Aircraft: CESSNA 172P, registration: N64791
Injuries: 3 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

THE ACFT DITCHED IN A RESERVOIR AT NIGHT AFTER A POWER LOSS. THE PLT WAS DESCENDING TO LAND, IN PREPARATION FOR THE LANDING THE PLT SWITCHED FUEL TANKS ON THE SELECTOR VALVE TO WHAT HE THOUGHT WAS BOTH TANKS POSITION. SHORTLY AFTER THISTHE ENGINE QUIT. THE PLT CHECKED THE FUEL SELECTOR BUT DID NOT CHANGE IT. HE CHANGED THE MAGNETO FROM BOTH TO RIGHT AND BACK TO BOTH. WHEN THE ENGINE FAILED TO RESTART HE WAS FORCED TO DITCH SHORT OF THE ARPT. THE OCCUPANTS EXITED AND SWAM TO SHORE SAFELY. WHEN THE ACFT WAS SALVAGED THE FUEL SELECTOR WAS FOUND IN THE OFF POSITION. NO FUEL WAS IN THE GASCOLATOR OR CARBURETOR. THE PLT STATED THAT THIS FUEL SELECTOR WAS DIFFERENT FROM OTHER ACFT HE HAD FLOWN AND IN THE DARKNESS HE SELECTED AN IMPROPER POSITION. THE 'OFF' POSITION IS DIRECTLY OPPOSITE THE 'BOTH' POSITION. THERE IS NO GUARD OR PROTECTIVE DEVICE TO PREVENT MOVING THE SELECTOR TO OFF INADVERTENTLY.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

FUEL TANK SELECTOR POSITION..IMPROPER..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH AIRCRAFT..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

EMERGENCY PROCEDURE..INADEQUATE..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

FUEL SYSTEM,SELECTOR/VALVE..SWITCHED OFF

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

REMEDIAL ACTION..INACCURATE..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

TERRAIN CONDITION..WATER,GLASSY


Contributing Factors

LIGHT CONDITION..DARK NIGHT


Contributing Factors

FLUID,FUEL..STARVATION


Contributing Factors

ACFT/EQUIP,INADEQUATE AIRCRAFT COMPONENT..MANUFACTURER

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