NTSB Identification: NYC83FGM02.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 20327.
Accident occurred Friday, April 22, 1983 in WEST MIFFLIN, PA
Aircraft: BEECH A-23, registration: N1411L
Injuries: 1 Serious,1 Minor.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

THE ACFT LOST POWER DURING TAKEOFF AND A FORCED LANDING WAS MADE FROM 400 FT AGL TO A SLAG DUMP ABOUT 1 MILE SOUTH OF THE AIRPORT. THE RIGHT WING WAS SUBSTANTIALLY DAMAGED BY THE INITIAL IMPACT AS THE ACFT WAS TURNING RIGHT AT TOUCHDOWN. THE NOSE GEAR SEPARATED AS DID THE LEFT MAIN GEAR. THE PILOT WAS SERIOUSLY INJURED. THE PASSENGER WAS NOT INJURED. DURING PREFLIGHT THE PILOT NOTED THE LEFT TANK WAS ALMOST EMPTY AND THE RIGHT TANK CONTAINED ABOUT 15 GALLONS OF FUEL. THE TANK SELECTOR INDICATED THAT RIGHT TANK WAS BEING USED. AFTER THE ACCIDENT IT WAS DISCOVERED THAT THE SELECTOR WAS INSTALLED 90 DEGREES OUT OF PHASE. WHEN IT INDICATED RIGHT TANK IT WAS ON LEFT TANK. THE SELECTOR WOULD HAVE TO BE POSITIONED TO OFF TO USE FUEL FROM THE RIGHT TANK. THE ACFT HAD BEEN FLOWN 3 TIMES SINCE THE ANNUAL INSPECTION ABOUT ONEHALF HOUR EACH TIME AND ALWAYS WITH SELECTOR ON THE RIGHT TANK POSITION. IF LEFT TANK POSITION HAD BEEN USED THE ENGINE WOULD HAVE QUIT AS THIS WOULD HAVE BEEN OFF.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

FUEL SYSTEM,SELECTOR/VALVE..IMPROPER

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

FUEL SUPPLY..NOT CORRECTED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

REFUELING..NOT OBTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

MAINTENANCE,ANNUAL INSPECTION..INADEQUATE..OTHER MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL

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