NTSB Identification: MIA85FA058.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 26587.
Scheduled 14 CFR
Accident occurred Wednesday, December 12, 1984 in MIAMI, FL
Aircraft: PIPER PA-31-350, registration: N40790
Injuries: 1 Serious,1 Minor,1 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

PLT JUDGED BY REFERENCE TO ACFT GAGES THAT HE HAD 156 GALS OF FUEL REMAINING WHEN INFACT ONLY 120 GALS OF FUEL REMAINED.ON APPROACH FOR LNDG, WHILE OPERATING ON AUX TANKS, LOW FUEL FLOW WARNING LIGHT ILLUMINATED. PLT SWITCHED TO MAIN TANKS AND BOTH ENGINES LOST POWER SHORTLY THEREAFTER WHILE ACFT WAS ON FINAL APPROACH. PLT DID NOT ATTEMPT TO REGAIN POWER BY SWITCHING BACK TO AUX TANKS SINCE WARNING LIGHT ILLUMINATION INITIATED DURING AUX TANK OPERATION. RIGHT MAIN GEAR COLLAPSED, OTHER GEAR SEPARATED ON FORCED LANDING SHORT OF THE RUNWAY IN ROUGH TERRAIN. ACFT MANUAL STATES LOW FUEL FLOW WARNING LIGHTS INDICATE CONDITION OF MAIN TANKS ONLY. PLT DID NOT UNDERSTAND THIS TO BE TRUE REGARDLESS OF TANK SELECTION. INVESTIGATION REVEALED MAIN TANKS CONTAINED ONLY RESIDUAL FUEL; AUX TANKS HAD APPROX 6 GALS EACH.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

FUEL SYSTEM..NOT UNDERSTOOD..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

FLUID,FUEL..STARVATION


Contributing Factors

TERRAIN CONDITION..ROUGH/UNEVEN


Contributing Factors

FUEL SUPPLY..MISJUDGED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

FUEL TANK SELECTOR POSITION..IMPROPER..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

INADEQUATE TRANSITION/UPGRADE TRAINING..PILOT IN COMMAND

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