NTSB Identification: ATL85FA060.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 26965.
Accident occurred Wednesday, December 19, 1984 in HAMILTON, AL
Aircraft: CESSNA 172, registration: N4093F
Injuries: 1 Fatal,2 Serious.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

INITIATED NIGHT FLT INTO AREA OF FORECAST AND OBSERVED MARGINAL VFR CONDITIONS. EXPECTED TO ENCOUNTER 1200 FT CEILING. PLT STATED TO FSS BRIEFER HE WOULD GO AS FAR AS HE COULD. ENCOUNTERED AREA OF PATCHY GRND FOG, REDUCED VISIBILITY, NO HORIZON AHEAD. ELECTED TO DESCEND TO 1000 FT MSL AND INITIATE A 180 DEG TURN. STRUCK TREES AT 750 FT MSL. PLT HAD NO ACTUAL INSTRUMENT TRAINING AND APRX 5 HRS OF SIMULATED INSTRUMENT TIME. THE OUTBOARD REAR SEATBELT ATTACHMENT RING ORIENTED REARWARD, FAILED IN BENDING ALLOWING THE REAR SEAT PAX TO BE EJECTED FROM THE ACFT.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

IN-FLIGHT PLANNING/DECISION..IMPROPER..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

ALTITUDE..NOT MAINTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

CLEARANCE..MISJUDGED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..LOW CEILING


Contributing Factors

FLIGHT INTO KNOWN ADVERSE WEATHER..CONTINUED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LACK OF TOTAL INSTRUMENT TIME..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

SELF-INDUCED PRESSURE..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..FOG


Contributing Factors

TERRAIN CONDITION..MOUNTAINOUS/HILLY


Contributing Factors

LIGHT CONDITION..DARK NIGHT


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