NTSB Identification: MIA85FA029.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 26961.
Accident occurred Saturday, November 10, 1984 in ST. THOMAS
Aircraft: Gates Learjet 24F, registration: N81MC
Injuries: 2 Fatal,1 Serious,1 Minor.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

WHILE EXECUTING A NIGHT VISUAL APPROACH TO RUNWAY 9 IN VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS THE AIRCRAFT WAS ALLOWED TO DESCEND; CRASHING INTO WATER 2 MILES SHORT OF THE RUNWAY. THE PILOT WAS NOT FAMILIAR WITH THE AIRPORT AND FAILED TO MAKE USE OF A FULL INSTRUMENT LANDING SYSTEM AND VISUAL APPROACH SLOPE INDICATING SYSTEM WHICH WERE OPERATIONAL FOR RUN-WAY 9 AT THE TIME OF THE ACCIDENT. THE PILOT STATED THERE WERE NO MECHANICAL MALFUNCTIONS WITH THE AIRCRAFT WHICH ATTRIBUTED TO THE ACCIDENT. THE AIRCRAFT WAS EQUIPPED WITH A RADAR ALTIMETER SYSTEM WHICH ALSO WAS NOT USED BY THE PLT. THE PLT PERFORMED TWO MISSED APPROACHES BECAUSE THE ARPT WAS NOT IN SIGHT. THE ACCIDENT OCCURRED DURING THE 3RD ATTEMPT.NEITHER THE PIC NOR THE CO-PLT WERE PROPERLY CERTIFICATED FOR THE FLT.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

PROPER GLIDEPATH..NOT ATTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

PROPER ALTITUDE..NOT MAINTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

IN-FLIGHT PLANNING/DECISION..POOR..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

PLANNED APPROACH..POOR..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LACK OF FAMILIARITY WITH GEOGRAPHIC AREA..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

CREW/GROUP COORDINATION..POOR..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

LIGHT CONDITION..DARK NIGHT

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