NTSB Identification: CHI85FA249A.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 30332.
Scheduled 14 CFR operation of AMERICAN AIRLINES, INC. (D.B.A. DALLAS-FT WORTH AIRPORT )
Accident occurred Sunday, June 23, 1985 in SOUTH HAVEN, MI
Aircraft: BOEING 727, registration: N1965
Injuries: 2 Serious,2 Minor,71 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

WHILE EN ROUTE ON AN IFR FLT PLAN (1ST OFFICER AT CTLS), AMERICAN FLT 803 (A BOEING 727, N1965) BGN A DSCNT FM FL 190 TO9000'. THE SEAT BELT SIGN WAS TURNED ON AT 18,000'. WHILE DSCNDG BTN CLD LAYERS, AT APRX 13,000 TO 12,000', THE CAPT SAWA CESSNA 421C, N1200L, CONVERGING FM OPPOSITE DRCTN. HE TOOK CTL & 'EXECUTED A HARD NOSE OVER' TO AVOID A COLLISION. THECESSNA PLT RPRTD HE WAS CRUISING IN VFR CONDS AT 12,500' WHEN HE SAW THE BOEING DSCNDG OUT OF SCAT CLDS. HE BGN DSCNDG, THEN ENTERED AN ABRUPT CLBG TURN TO AVOID COLLIDING. RPRTDLY, THE ACFT PASSED EACH OTHER W/I 50 TO 100'. AN UNRESTRAINEDPAX & 1 FLT ATNDNT (FA) WERE SERIOUSLY INJURED; 2 FA'S RECEIVED MINOR INJURIES. AFTER LNDG, WRINKLES & SKIN DMG WERE FNDON THE CESSNA'S HORIZONTAL STABILIZERS. THE CESSNA PLT WAS USING HIS #2 TRANSPONDER (XP); ARTCC WAS RECEIVING ITS REPLY INTERMITTENTLY; IT WAS FND TRANSMITTING 3 MHZ (MAX LMT) ABV THE DESIRED FREQ. ON 4/12/84, XP'S WERE CHKD & WRITTEN UP AS'#2 OFF FREQ HIGH.' AFTER THE NR COLLISION, THE ARTCC CTLR NOTED THE 'ALL PRIMARY' FEATURE OF HIS RADAR WAS NOT IN USE.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

SEAT BELT..NOT USED..PASSENGER

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

VISUAL LOOKOUT..INADEQUATE..COPILOT/SECOND PILOT

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

REMEDIAL ACTION..DELAYED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

REMEDIAL ACTION..INADEQUATE..PILOT OF OTHER AIRCRAFT



Contributing Factors

OPERATION WITH KNOWN DEFICIENCIES IN EQUIPMENT..PERFORMED..PILOT OF OTHER AIRCRAFT


Contributing Factors

IDENTIFICATION OF AIRCRAFT ON RADAR..NOT ATTAINED..ATC PERSONNEL(ARTCC)


Contributing Factors

IMPROPER USE OF PROCEDURE..ATC PERSONNEL(ARTCC)


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..CLOUDS

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