NTSB Identification: MKC86LA158.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 32981.
Accident occurred Sunday, July 27, 1986 in AUDUBON, IA
Probable Cause Approval Date: 03/10/1988
Aircraft: GRUMMAN AA-5A, registration: N9835U
Injuries: 4 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

THE PILOT STATED THAT THE ENGINE WAS DEVELOPING FULL POWER DURING THE BRAKE RELEASE AND TAKEOFF ROLL BUT THAT THE AIRCRAFT WOULD NOT ACCELERATE TO LIFT-OFF SPEED AS FAST AS EXPECTED. UPON REACHING 70 M.P.H.(61 KTS.), AND AFTER A TAKEOFF ROLL OF 2,000 FEET, THE PILOT FURTHER STATED THAT HE ROTATED AND LIFTED THE AIRCRAFT OFF THE CONCRETE RUNWAY BUT KEPT THE AIRCRAFT IN GROUND EFFECT WHEN IT WAS UNABLE TO REACH CLIMB SPEED. P.I.C. ABORTED THE TAKEOFF PAST THE RUNWAY DEPARTURE END BY REDUCING POWER AND LOWERING THE NOSE AND THE AIRCRAFT IMPACTED THE GROUND IN A GRASSY CLEARWAY INSIDE THE AIRPORT PERIMETER. POST-ACCIDENT CALCULATIONS REVEAL THAT THE AIRCRAFT WEIGHT AND BALANCE WAS AT OR VERY CLOSE TO THE MAXIMUM TAKEOFF GROSS WEIGHT (MTOGW), AND WITHIN C.G. LIMITS. AIRCRAFT PERFORMANCE ESTIMATES, BASED ON FIELD ELEVATION AND NONSTANDARD TEMPERATURE AND PRESSURE AT THE TIME OF THE ACCIDENT INDICATED A DENSITY ALTITUDE OF 3,600 FEET WITH HEADWINDS OF LESS THAN FIVE KNOTS.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

AIRSPEED..NOT ATTAINED..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

ABORT..DELAYED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

WEATHER CONDITION..HIGH DENSITY ALTITUDE


Contributing Factors

PERFORMANCE DATA..NOT FOLLOWED..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

OVERCONFIDENCE IN AIRCRAFT'S ABILITY..PILOT IN COMMAND



Contributing Factors

REMEDIAL ACTION..IMPROPER..PILOT IN COMMAND


Contributing Factors

CONDITION(S)/STEP(S) IN ERROR..PILOT IN COMMAND

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