NTSB Identification: FTW87FA203.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 36237.
Accident occurred Wednesday, August 19, 1987 in SHIP SHOAL 214C
Probable Cause Approval Date: 06/16/1989
Aircraft: AEROSPATIALE AS-355F-1, registration: N359E
Injuries: 2 Serious,2 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

ACFT EXPERIENCED A TAIL ROTOR DRIVE SHAFT FAILURE DURING T/O FROM AN OFFSHORE PLATFORM. ACFT SPUN LEFT AND COMPLETED 6 TO 7 REVOLUTIONS PRIOR TO WATER CONTACT AS THE SINGLE PLT COULD NOT REACH THE THROTTLES TO REDUCE PWR TO IDLE. ACFT LANDED HARD AND THE RT FLOAT DEPLOYED ON TOUCHDOWN WHILE THE LEFT FLOAT DID NOT AND THE ACFT ROLLED LEFT. OCCUPANTS SWAM TO RIG FROM WHICH T/O HAD BEEN INITIATED. INVESTIGATION REVEALED THAT THE FORWARD SHAFT (NO. 1 SEGMENT) HAD FAILED IN THE AREA OF THE AFT SPLINES NEAR THE MAIN GEARBOX OIL COOLING FAN CONNECTION. FAILURE WAS ATTRIBUTED TO FATIGUE DUE TO FRETTING CAUSED BY ABNORMAL VIBRATION LEVELS INDUCED BY THE OIL COOLING FAN BLADES. ANALYSIS INDICATED THAT FAN BLADES WOULD BECOME CONTAMINATED WITH DEPOSITS OF GREASE, OIL, AND SOOT CAUSING VIBRATION TO INCREASE FROM .6 IPS TO 4.0 IPS. NO PREVIOUS REQUIREMENT TO CLEAN THE FAN BLADES EXISTED AND THE VIBRATION WOULD NOT HAVE BEEN DETECTABLE BY THE PLT OR PAX.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

LUBRICATING SYSTEM,OIL COOLER..VIBRATION

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

ROTOR DRIVE SYSTEM,TAIL ROTOR DRIVE SHAFT..VIBRATION

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

ROTOR DRIVE SYSTEM,TAIL ROTOR DRIVE SHAFT..FATIGUE

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

ROTOR DRIVE SYSTEM,TAIL ROTOR DRIVE SHAFT..SEPARATION



Contributing Factors

LANDING GEAR,FLOAT ASSEMBLY..FAILURE,PARTIAL


Contributing Factors

MAINTENANCE,BALANCING..NOT CORRECTED..COMPANY MAINTENANCE PERSONNEL


Contributing Factors

ACFT/EQUIP,INADEQUATE CONTROL LOCATION..MANUFACTURER


Contributing Factors

INADEQUATE CERTIFICATION/APPROVAL,AIRCRAFT..FAA(ORGANIZATION)


Contributing Factors

INFORMATION UNAVAILABLE..MANUFACTURER

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