NTSB Identification: CHI88IA165.
The docket is stored on NTSB microfiche number 38389.
Scheduled 14 CFR operation of AMERICAN AIRLINES
Incident occurred Thursday, July 14, 1988 in CHICAGO, IL
Probable Cause Approval Date: 01/25/1990
Aircraft: MCDONNELL DOUGLAS MD80, registration: N253A
Injuries: 126 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators used data provided by various sources and may not have traveled in support of this investigation to prepare this aircraft incident report.

AN AMERICAN AIRLINES MD80, OPERATING AS FLIGHT 160, A 'RED-EYE' FLIGHT FROM ONTARIO, CALIFORNIA TO CHICAGO, ILLINOIS, LANDED ON A CLOSED RUNWAY UPON ARRIVAL AT O'HARE INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT, CHICAGO, ILLINOIS. THE FLIGHT HAD BEEN CLEARED FOR THE ILS APPROACH TO RUNWAY 14R, BUT TOUCHED DOWN ON THE CLOSED PARALLEL RUNWAY 14L. THE FIRST OFFICER WAS FLYING THE AIRCRAFT, WITH THE CAPTAIN WORKING THE RADIOS. VISUAL METEOROLOGICAL CONDITIONS PREVAILED WITH A REPORTED VISIBILITY OF 7 MILES AND CALM WINDS, HOWEVER BOTH REPORTED THAT VISIBILITY SOUTH-EASTBOUND INTO THE RISING SUN WAS CONSIDERABLY REDUCED IN HAZE AND SUNGLARE. ATC COMMUNICATIONS WERE ROUTINE. FLIGHT CREW READBACKS WERE CORRECT, AND THE APPROACH PLATE FOR ILS 14R WAS SELECTED AND AN APPROPRIATE BRIEFING WAS CONDUCTED. THE PILOTS REPORTED THAT THEY FIRST REALIZED THEY HAD LANDED ON THE WRONG RUNWAY WHEN THEY SAW THE HANGARS ON THE WRONG SIDE OF THE RUNWAY. RUNWAY 14L WAS CLOSED AND THE LOCALIZER OFF DUE TO ONGOING CONSTRUCTION WORK.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

PROCEDURES/DIRECTIVES..IMPROPER USE OF..COPILOT/SECOND PILOT

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

WRONG RUNWAY..SELECTED..COPILOT/SECOND PILOT

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

SUPERVISION..INADEQUATE..PILOT IN COMMAND

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this incident to be:

INATTENTIVE..PILOT IN COMMAND



Contributing Factors

LIGHT CONDITION..SUNGLARE


Contributing Factors

VISUAL LOOKOUT..RESTRICTED..COPILOT/SECOND PILOT

Index for Jul1988 | Index of months