NTSB Identification: MIA00LA001.
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Accident occurred Saturday, October 02, 1999 in PENSACOLA, FL
Probable Cause Approval Date: 11/30/2000
Aircraft: Cessna 152, registration: N49508
Injuries: 2 Minor.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The pilot and passenger did not check the fuel quantity prior to departure. While approaching the destination the engine began to fluctuate between 2,500 and 500 rpm. The pilot reported to controllers that he did have any fuel. The engine quit and the pilot attempted to make a forced landing in the parking lot of a shopping mall. The pilot then observed cars and made a forced landing on the roof of the mall. Post crash examination of the aircraft and crash site by FAA and Fire Department personnel showed the aircraft contained no usable fuel and there was no precrash or post crash fuel leakage from the aircraft. The carburetor was replaced and the engine was started and operated to full power with no evidence of failure or malfunction. Teardown examination of the accident carburetor showed no evidence of failure or malfunction. All fuel lines were unobstructed. The aircraft operator stated the aircraft had flown 4.5 flight hours since the last refueling and that the aircraft holds 24.5 gallons of usable fuel. They stated the aircraft consumes about 6 gallons of fuel per flight hour.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

The failure of the pilot to ensure the aircraft contained adequate fuel to complete the flight resulting in engine failure due to fuel exhaustion and damage to the aircraft during the subsequent forced landing.

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