NTSB Identification: CHI99LA218.
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Accident occurred Wednesday, July 07, 1999 in ROGERS CITY, MI
Probable Cause Approval Date: 12/04/2000
Aircraft: Piper PA-22-150, registration: N9964D
Injuries: 1 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The pilot said he flew over the airport, observed the wind sock '...wiggling up and down...,' and decided to land on runway 27 because the winds were from 290 degrees at 10 to 20 miles per hour. He said he knew the winds were coming from the airplane's right side and were gusty. The pilot said a strong gust of wind pushed the airplane toward the left side of the runway. The pilot said he applied full right aileron control and the hand brakes as a crosswind correction. The pilot said the nose wheel collided with a runway edge light that caused the nose wheel fork to separate from the nose landing gear strut. The airplane nosed over shortly after that. The Piper PA-22 series airplanes do not have individual toe brakes. The brake system is activated by a brake handle that causes both brakes to work simultaneously. Reported winds at the time of the accideent were 330 degrees with a steady wind at 17 miles per hour (mph) and gusts to 26 mph. According to the regulations the airplane was certified under, its demonstrated cross wind component is 10 mph. The FAA's cross wind component chart showed the accident airplane's steady wind cross wind component was 16 mph. The airplane's demonstrated cross wind figure is not published in the manufacturer's owner's handbook or airplane flight manual.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

THE PILOT'S INADEQUATE COMPENSATION FOR THE CROSSWIND.

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