NTSB Identification: CHI97FA102.
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Accident occurred Friday, April 11, 1997 in VICHY, MO
Probable Cause Approval Date: 09/04/1998
Aircraft: Cessna T210N, registration: N5310A
Injuries: 2 Fatal,1 Serious.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

The aircraft had been topped off with fuel and had departed Butler, PA, about 1652 EDT. The pilot was informed that the destination weather was 1/4 mile visibility in fog, 200 foot overcast, and wind from 350 degrees at 6 mph. The airport elevation was 1,148 feet. The approach minimums for the VOR Rwy 22 approach were 1,500 foot minimum descent altitude (MDA) with 400 foot ceiling and 3/4 mile prevailing visibility. The pilot continued to fly the approach and descended below minimums. The passenger, who survived the accident, reported that the airport was covered with fog. He saw the altimeter read 1,300 feet msl and said the pilot applied power and turned to the north. The missed approach procedure was to climb to 2,700 msl, then turn right direct to VIH VOR/DME and hold. The airplane impacted trees and crashed about 1/2 mile northwest of the airport. Elevation of the crash site was about 1,125 feet. Inspection of the wreckage indicated that full flaps had been selected, and the landing gear was extended. Go-around flaps were 20 degrees. The three propeller blades had chordwise gouges and scratches, and the tips had forward twist. No engine or airframe anomalies were found.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

failure of the pilot to properly follow the missed approach procedure and maintain the minimum descent altitude (MDA) during night/IFR flight. Factors relating to the accident included: darkness, low ceiling, fog, and failure of the pilot to properly configure the airplane for the go-around (improper use of full flaps and gear retraction not performed).

Full narrative available

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