NTSB Identification: MIA96LA031.
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Accident occurred Tuesday, November 28, 1995 in CLEVELAND, TN
Probable Cause Approval Date: 04/29/1996
Aircraft: CESSNA 414, registration: N200DC
Injuries: 1 Serious,4 Minor,1 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

THE PILOT STATED THAT BEFORE DEPARTURE HE PERFORMED AN ENGINE RUN-UP OF BOTH ENGINES WITH NO DISCREPANCIES NOTED. HE TAXIED TO THE RUNWAY USING THE FULL LENGTH AND APPLIED FULL POWER TO BOTH ENGINES WITH BRAKES APPLIED. HE RELEASED THE BRAKES, AND WHEN THE FLIGHT WAS 1/2 WAY DOWN THE 3,300-FOOT DOWNSLOPING WET ASPHALT RUNWAY THE AIRSPEED INDICATOR INDICATED 60 KNOTS. HE ABORTED THE TAKEOFF AND THE AIRPLANE BEGAN TO HYDROPLANE. THE AIRPLANE CONTINUED OFF THE END OF THE RUNWAY, AND BEFORE REACHING A 15-FOOT DROP OFF THE PILOT APPLIED POWER TO BOTH ENGINES WHICH RESPONDED. THE AIRPLANE THEN IMPACTED THE GROUND IN A COW PASTURE COMING TO REST UPRIGHT. THERE WAS MODERATE RAIN AT THE TIME. POSTACCIDENT WEIGHT AND BALANCE CALCULATIONS INDICATED THAT THE AIRPLANE WAS A MINIMUM OF 359 POUNDS OVER MAX GROSS WEIGHT AT THE TIME OF TAKEOFF. WEIGHT AND BALANCE CALCULATIONS PROVIDED BY THE PILOT INDICATED THAT THE AIRPLANE WAS 3 POUNDS OVER GROSS WEIGHT AT THE TIME OF TAKEOFF.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

THE PILOT'S INACCURATE WEIGHT AND BALANCE CALCULATIONS WHICH RESULTED IN AN OVER MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE GROSS WEIGHT TAKEOFF. CONTRIBUTING TO THE ACCIDENT WAS THE WET, DOWNSLOPING CONDITION OF THE RUNWAY.

Full narrative available

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