NTSB Identification: MIA95LA086B
Scheduled 14 CFR operation of EXECUTIVE AIRLINES INC. (D.B.A. AMERICAN EAGLE )
Accident occurred Sunday, March 12, 1995 in SAN JUAN
Probable Cause Approval Date: 06/19/1995
Aircraft: Short Brothers SD3-60, registration: N376MQ
Injuries: 339 Uninjured.

NTSB investigators may not have traveled in support of this investigation and used data provided by various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

THE AMERICAN SD3-60 WAS CLEARED TO THE RAMP BEHIND A DELTA L-1011 THAT HAD COMMENCED PUSHBACK PROCEDURES FROM A DEPARTURE GATE. THE LEAD WING WALKER OF THE DELTA L-1011 OBSERVED THE AMERICAN SD3-60, AND SIGNALLED THE TUG OPERATOR TO STOP THE PUSHBACK WHICH WAS COMPLIED WITH. THE SD3-60 TAXIED PAST THE L- 1011 AND STOPPED ON THE RAMP. THE DELTA TUG OPERATOR COMMENCED PUSHBACK PROCEDURES WITHOUT CLEARANCE FROM THE DISPATCHING AGENT. THE RIGHT WING TIP OF THE L-1011 COLLIDED WITH THE RUDDER OF THE SD3-60. DELTA AIRLINES SOP STATES, THE TUG OPERATOR IS RESPONSIBLE FOR FOLLOWING THE SIGNALS OF THE DISPATCHING AGENT.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

THE TUG OPERATOR OF ANOTHER AIRPLANE COMMENCING PUSHBACK PROCEDURES WITHOUT CLEARANCE TO DO SO FROM THE DISPATCHING AGENT, RESULTING IN AN ON-GROUND COLLISION BETWEEN BOTH AIRPLANES.

Full narrative available

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