NTSB Identification: MIA95FA072.
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Accident occurred Tuesday, February 07, 1995 in MOBILE, AL
Probable Cause Approval Date: 06/13/1996
Aircraft: CESSNA 152, registration: N757XX
Injuries: 2 Serious.

NTSB investigators either traveled in support of this investigation or conducted a significant amount of investigative work without any travel, and used data obtained from various sources to prepare this aircraft accident report.

AS THE PILOT WAS RETURNING TO THE AIRPORT, HE TRANSMITTED THAT THE ENGINE HAD LOST POWER. AT THAT TIME, HE WAS TOO FAR AWAY TO REACH THE AIRPORT AND STATED THAT HE WOULD HAVE TO LAND 'JUST BELOW.' A WITNESS HEARD THE POWER INTERRUPTIONS AND SAW THE AIRPLANE CIRCLE AN AREA WITH A DIRT PIT, LANDFILL, AND ROADWAY. A WITNESS IN A VEHICLE ON THE ROADWAY OBSERVED THE AIRPLANE AT LOW ALTITUDE (ESTIMATED 75 TO 100 FEET AGL). HE OBSERVED THAT THE AIRPLANE THEN DESCENDED IN A NOSE AND RIGHT WING LOW ATTITUDE, BEFORE IT CRASHED. WHEN HE ARRIVED AT THE CRASH SITE, HE NOTED OIL DRAINING FROM THE AIRPLANE, BUT DID NOT SEE ANY FUEL LEAKAGE, THOUGH NUMEROUS FUEL LINES WERE SEVERED. NO PREIMPACT MECHANICAL FAILURE WAS NOTED DURING THE INVESTIGATION. THE FUEL SELECTOR WAS FOUND IN THE 'OFF' POSITION AND 1.3 GAL OF FUEL WAS DRAINED FROM THE FUEL TANKS. ACCORDING TO THE PILOT'S OPERATING HANDBOOK, 1.5 GAL OF THE FUEL SUPPLY WAS UNUSABLE. RECORDS SHOWED THAT THE AIRPLANE HAD BEEN FLOWN 3.5 HOURS SINCE IT WAS LAST REFUELED.

The National Transportation Safety Board determines the probable cause(s) of this accident to be:

THE PILOT'S IMPROPER PLANNING/DECISION, WHICH RESULTED IN FUEL EXHAUSTION BEFORE REACHING THE AIRPORT, AND HIS FAILURE TO MAINTAIN ADEQUATE AIRSPEED WHILE MANEUVERING FOR A FORCED LANDING, WHICH RESULTED IN AN INADVERTENT STALL AND COLLISION WITH THE TERRAIN.

Full narrative available

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